Moses faced several tests of his leadership in the wilderness. The Israelites could be an unruly, ungrateful bunch. They grumbled a lot despite God demonstrating over and over that He would take care of their needs.
The Israelites needed clear, effective instructions. Following a military victory over the Amalekites, they encamped at the base of Mount Sinai where God gave Moses the Ten Commandments, written by His own finger on two tablets of stone.
While Moses was away up on the mountain, the Israelites made themselves a statue of a golden calf to worship. When he returned to the camp and saw the idolatrous behavior of the Israelites, Moses was infuriated and hurled the stone tablets with the Ten Commandments to the ground.
Moses climbed the mountain once more to plead with God to forgive the Israelites. Under God’s instructions, Moses had to make a replacement set of the Ten Commandments. Moses remained on the mountain fasting, praying and conversing with God for forty days. When Moses finally came back down the mountainside, the people were terrified because his face shone with the light of God’s glory.
Moses was a great leader who died while leading his people to the Promised Land of Canaan. Still today, Jews credit this biblical hero with the title, Lawgiver of Israel.
To learn more about the hero Moses, read the books Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy in the Bible.